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The jewel may be a daily-use item or may serve as a bright addition to the festive style; anyway it is a worn-close-to-the-body jewel and it requires certain handling and attention. We would like to introduce you to some basic principles of taking care of the jewels as well as characteristic features that are necessary to take into account during their use.
It is necessary to clean the jewel periodically from the waste of creams, skin oil, dust, etc. if you want to preserve the attractiveness of your jewel. After buying the high jewelry you acquire the service of annual professional handling of your jewel; the only thing you need to do is to address SARKISSIAN the customer support service. You can also carry out the periodic clean at home. If your jewel does not have any insertions requiring the special handling (see: Special care) then it’s enough to wash it in a warm soap solution with a soft toothbrush. The complicated jewels of sophisticated design with gem stones insertions are more exposed to the additional grease. The diamond jewels are also necessary to clean frequently due to the lipophilic properties (affinity to fat).
Silver without additional coating like rhodium plating, gold plating, etc. may blacken gradually due to the oxidation process. The wetter the environment is the faster the jewel is oxidized while using in this environment. However the oxidation affects only the upper layer of the silver ring. The thin coating of oxides may be removed easily by the special polishing cloth. At home you can return the glitter to the dull silver surface with the help of a piece of feutre or polishing cloth, you just need to rub the dull surface.
Gold is one of the hardest metals used for making jewels. However, during contact with other hard metals the gold can be scratched and deformed. This characteristic must be taken into account if you have decided to wear rings on the adjacent fingers or combine several bracelets on hand.
Some gem stones used for jewelry are very sensitive to the range of corrosive liquids like perfumes, creams, lemon juice and vinegar. At the same time the decorative properties of these gems are as good as other gems’. Whereas taking the necessary precautions during the use of such jewels with “capricious” gems, they will not lose their charm and will appeal to the eye for a long time.
Pearl is one of the most impressive jewelry materials, though very “capricious” in use. The pearl consists of numerous very thin layers which are very sensitive to any aggressive media and mechanical impact. Pearls must be kept away from perfumes, sea water, lemon juice, vinegar and vinegar vapors as well as overdrying and overheat. The most favorable environment for pearls is the contact with skin.
Fluorite is characterized by a wide variety of colors that can be very unstable under radiation or heating. Moreover, it is quite a fragile gem stone with low hardness. That’s why it is necessary to keep fluorite away from mechanical damage and long-term UV-radiation.
Calcite, onyx calcite, simbircite, ammolite, coral and mother-of-pearl – the main component of these gem stones is calcium carbonate CaCO3 which dissolves even in weak acids and is easily damaged by mechanical impact. To prevent mechanical damage to the surface of these gems stones like deep scratches and shears, it is necessary to keep the calcite, onyx calcite, simbircite, ammolite, coral and mother-of-pearl insertions away from harder materials, e.g. metals, and acids.
Amber is mineral resin characterized by very low hardness and can easily ignite from a single match. Thus, amber should be kept away from mechanical and high-temperature impact.
Jet has low hardness and can be easily scratched. Thus, jet should be kept away from mechanical impact.
Turquoise grows brown and cracks during heating. It should be kept away from high-temperature impact and aggressive media.
Malachite may turn black during heating and dissolves in acids and ammonia, so it should be kept away from high-temperature impact and aggressive media.
Apatite has low hardness and is very fragile. It should be kept away from mechanical impact.
Opal contains molecules of water that’s why it can lose water and crack in dry or high-temperature conditions if kept there for a long time. Opal should be kept away from such conditions and it’s better to make baths or wrap the opal jewels in wet cloth repeatedly.
Topaz’s color can be unstable under UV-radiation. It should be kept away from long-term sun ray’s impact.
Amethyst originating from geodes among the sedimentary rocks may lose its color under UV-radiation. Amethyst originating from other deposits is not subject to lose color. Unfortunately, in many cases it’s not possible to identify the unstable origin of the gem. Thus, all amethysts should be kept away from long-term UV-radiation.
Gem stones are mostly quite hard. However, some of them may possess such a feature as jointing. Jointing is the ability of crystals to crack along the certain crystallographic directions. Even such hard minerals like diamond, corundum and topaz have jointing and may break after bad fall or stroke. Moreover, some minerals like emeralds are characterized by a big number of inclusions. Such inclusions are the weakened zones or zones of high tension. The risk of damaging the gem along these zones grows during the mechanical impact. One should be careful while using jewels with emerald, tourmaline, topaz and corundum.